Genetics Fun Facts

o It takes about eight hours for one of your cells to completely copy its DNA.
o The human DNA code is made up of about three thousand million A,T, C, and Gs on each side of the DNA strand.
o If you were to start reciting the order of the ATCGs in your DNA tomorrow morning, at a rate of 100 each minute, 57 years would pass before you reached the end (provided that you did not stop to eat, drink, sleep, use the bathroom etc.)
o If you were to stretch out the DNA from those 46 chromosomes in one cell and lay it end to end, it would be over 2 yards in length.
o If the total DNA in one person were laid in a straight line, it would stretch to the sun and back over 30 times (it’s 93 million miles from here to the sun).
o You could fit one thousand nuclei across the period at the end of this sentence.
o You could fit one million threads of DNA across the period at the end of this sentence.
o If the genome was a book, it would be the equivalent of 800 dictionaries. It would take a person typing 60 words per minute, eight hours a day, around 50 years to type the human genome. You would need 3 gigabytes of storage space on a computer to hold all of this
o Organism # of genes
Yeast 6,000
Drosophila 13,000
Nematode 18,000
Flowering plant 26,000
Human 30,000

Organism # of chromosomes
Human 46
Gorilla 48
Dog 78
Dove 16
Butterflies 380 (!)
Bananas 66

o Humans are 99.9% genetically identical – only 0.1% of our genetic make-up differs.
o information, and yet, all of it is contained inside the microscopic nucleus of a cell so tiny that it could easily fit on the head of a pin!

o Our genes are remarkably similar to those of other life forms. For example, we share 98% of our genes with chimpanzees, 90% with mice, 85% with zebra fish, 21% with worms, and 7% with a simple bacterium such as E. coli.

o Less than 2% of the total DNA carries instructions to make proteins. The rest is misleadingly called ‘junk’ DNA, because it is a hodge-podge of sequences that does not seem to code for anything.

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